Devon And Cornwall Division of The Masonic and Military Order of
the Red Cross of Constantine and the Orders of
the Holy Sepulchre and St. John the Evangelist

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All Royal Arch Masons are entitled to seek membership of the Order of the Red Cross of Constantine. Since the establishment of Grand Imperial Conclave in 1865, the order has steadily grown with Conclaves formed throughout the English speaking world.


Why Constantine? Candidates in this degree recognise how Christianity can be embraced by seeing how the legend of Constantine’s conversion is set within Masonic ritual that is linked with the history of the Roman Empire.



Constantine, a Roman, was destined for the college of Emperors but following the death of his father, he was hailed by the Legions in York as Augustus and became the Governor of Britain and Gaul. After several successful battles across the Alps and Italy he eventually established himself as the lawful Emperor of both the East and West and transferred the capital of the empire from Rome to Byzantium, later to be named after him.


He was the first Roman Emperor to openly encourage Christianity. His conversion began one evening after a long day’s march with his army when, in what he believed was a sign from heaven, he and his army saw in the sky, and by the rays of the setting sun, a pillar of light in the form of a special cross. To sanctify the minds of his pagan army, he had made a standard bearing a Cross like that

seen and ordered it to be carried before him in the wars. Several Christians in his army came forward and avowed their faith following which Constantine directed that they should wear on their armour a red cross.


Having been successful in battle it is said that Constantine with the help of his chief bishop, Eusebius, opened a Conclave of the Knights of the Order whose members became the bodyguard of their Sovereign.



The Christian Order is in two parts. The first ceremony consists of the candidate’s admission, obligation, and then the installation as a Knight-Companion of the Red Cross of Constantine, in which the historical basis of the Order is also detailed.


In separate ceremonies the Knight-Companion builds on what he has already been taught, and in the ceremony of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre and St. John the Evangelist this knowledge is further expanded and the ultimate aims of Freemasonry are revealed. These, together with the two Installation ceremonies leading to the principal Chairs in the Red Cross of Constantine, are undoubtedly among the most impressive ceremonies in the whole of Masonry.




Consecration of Conclaves in the  South West of England

14th June 1966 St.John the Evangelist No.238 (Exeter) Topsham
10th February 1969 Joseph of Arimathea No.253 (Truro) Perranporth
12th September 1970 *  St. Candida No.258 Bridport
6th October 1971 Mount Lebanon No.270  (Saltash)  Tavistock
14th March 1972 Constitution of the South Western Division
14th October 1976 Holy Trinity No.311  Torquay
20th October 1976 *  Hagia Sophia No.313  Wareham
19th April 1978 Royal Citadel No.327  Plymouth
15th January 1980 St. Brannock No.342  Barnstaple
13th June 1980 St. Ercus No.349  Hayle
15th February 1982 *  King Ina No.363  (Wellington)  Taunton
20th June 1984 Re-Constitution as the Division of Devon & Cornwall

*  Constitution of the Division of Dorset, Somerset & Bristol

8th September 1994 Resurrection No.432  Tiverton
23rd April 2009 Light No.498  Bodmin  
23rd April 2009 Ascension No.499  South Brent  

Intendants General

Deputy Intendants General

Intendant General installed on 14th March 1972 by Brig. C.B.S. Morley, Grand Sovereign

William J. Jones

1972 - 1974

Rev. William John Toop


Jim Greenwood was the 1st Secretary of our Division and Keith Barry Jackson our 1st Treasurer

Intendant General installed on 17th March 1975 by Brig.C.B.S. Morley, Grand Sovereign

Col. E. Perry Morgan 1975 - 1979 Rev. William John Toop  

Intendant General installed on 26th April 1980 by the Rev. Canon Richard Tydeman, Grand Sovereign

Rev. William John Toop 1980 - 1984 A.E.B. (Bish) Greenwood  

Reconstituted as the Division of Devon & Cornwall

Rev. William John Toop 1984 - 1990 Lt. Cdr. Stephen J. Fovargue  

Intendant General installed on 20th July 1990 by the Rev. Canon Richard Tydeman, Grand Sovereign

 Keith Barry Jackson   1990 - 2004 Roy Goddard  1990 - 1997
    Barry J. Rushden 1997 - 1998
    Michael R. Cooper 1998 - 2001
    Peter Hawken MBE 2001 -2003

Intendant General installed on 25th February 2004 by Cdr. Ronald A. Champion, Grand Sovereign

Peter Hawken MBE 2004 - 2013 Edwin F.J. Purkis 2004 - 2008
    Richard A. Lucas 2008 - 2013

Intendant General installed on 8th February 2013 by Richard V. Wallace JP, Grand Sovereign

Richard A. Lucas   Alan R. Cockman 2013 - 2016
    Nicholas St.John Middleton White 2016 -

The Baton carried by our Intendant General was made by Portsmouth Shipbuilders and is one of a pair.

Our IG, Richard Lucas,  has discovered that in 1870 there was an IG for Cornwall called Sir Fredrick Martin-Williams (Bart) MP, there was also one for Jersey and Guernsey.